Robotic Technology: Definition, History & Latest Marvelous Features

Introduction to Robotic Technology:

A robot is a machine, particularly one that can be programmed by a computer and is capable of autonomously performing a complex series of tasks. Robots can be controlled internally or externally by use of a control mechanism. Although some robots are built to resemble humans, most robots are task-performing machines that place a greater focus on bare utility than on expressive aesthetics.

Robotic Technology
                    Robotic Technology

Early robots

One of the first humanoid robots, Eric, made a speech while being displayed in 1928 at the Model Engineers Society’s annual exhibition in London. The robot, created by W. H. Richards, had an aluminum body of armor, eleven electromagnets, and one engine that were all supplied by a twelve-volt power supply. The robot could move its hands and head, and it was manageable via voice or remote control. Together with his “brother,” George, Eric travelled the globe.

New functionalities and prototypes

In 2008, Caterpillar Inc. created a self-driving dump truck that doesn’t require a driver. Self-driving trucks, in the opinion of many analysts, may ultimately revolutionize logistics. A self-driving dump truck made by Caterpillar was available in 2014, and it is anticipated to significantly alter the mining process. The mining firm Rio Tinto Coal Australia employed these Caterpillar trucks in its mining operations in Australia in 2015. Some analysts predict that most trucks will be self-driving within the next few decades.

Marge, a literate or “reading robot,” is intelligent thanks to software. She is able to read newspapers, identify misspelt words, learn about financial institutions like Barclays, and recognise that some restaurants are preferable to others.

Latest Robotic Technology:

Space probes

Robotic Technology were almost always used to launch unmanned spacecraft. Some were put into space in the 1960s with incredibly limited capabilities, but Luna 9’s ability to fly and land indicates that it is a robot. This includes, among others, the Voyager and Galileo probes.

Domestic robots

Robotic Technology includes Domestic robots which are straightforward machines designed specifically for use in the house. They are employed in straightforward but frequently despised tasks like vacuuming, washing floors, and mowing the yard. A Roomba is an illustration of a home robot.

Military robots

The SWORDS robot, utilized in ground-based warfare right now, is an example of a military robot. It has the ability to employ a variety of weaponry, and the idea of granting it some kind of autonomy on the battlefield has been brought up.

Unmanned combat air vehicles (UCAVs), an improved version of Robotic Technology, are capable of carrying out a variety of tasks, including combat. UCAVs like the BAE Systems Mantis are being created, and they would be able to fly themselves, choose their own course and target, and make most decisions on their own. The British-made BAE Taranis UCAV can fly across continents without a pilot and has innovative ways to evade detection.

Mining robots

The mining sector today faces a number of issues, such as a lack of skilled labour, a need to increase efficiency in the face of diminishing ore grades, and the need to meet environmental goals. The risky nature of mining, especially underground mining, has led to a significant rise in the prevalence of autonomous, semi-autonomous, and teleoperated robots in recent years. Many automakers offer self-driving trains, trucks, and loaders that can load, transport, and unload material on a mining site without the need for human interaction.

Soft-bodied robots

Robots with flexible actuators, such as air muscles, electroactive polymers, and ferrofluids, differ from those with rigid skeletons in appearance, feel, and behavior. Robots that are soft, flexible, and occasionally even squishy are frequently created to mimic the biomechanics of animals and other things found in nature, which is opening up new possibilities in fields like science, medicine, caregiving, search and rescue, food handling, and manufacturing. Robotic Technology is progressing day by day.

 

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